Gintings, Elia Masa (2011) PERSONAL REFERENCE IN THE NEWSPAPER ARTICLE. In: International Seminar on Creative and Innovative Language Learning in the ICT Era Contributing to the Development of Indonesia, May 2011, Medan.

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Information is spread through reading newspaper, brochure, magazine, journal and so on. Reading can not be separated from human life. It means that journalism and press are closely related with human needs.In Indonesia, there are some newspaper which are written in English such as The Jakarta Post, The Lampung Post, etc. The Jakarta Post is one of the daily English newspapers which is oriented in some various fields such as headlines, editorial, opinion archipelago, sports, etc.A journalist often uses styles or variation of language in presenting daily events, situational social activities in the daily events, situation and social activities as a journalistic language. The language used in the mass media is sociolinguistics oriented. It means, a journalist has short, clear, simple language. Arief Hakim (2001) states that in the press a journalist has to fulfill the 5W + 1H, it means that the article has to explain what, who, where, when, why and how. It is used to make an article more interesting and to attract readers attention. That is to explain that reference is often found almost in all written information and it is also accepted in expressing ideas, opinions, and thoughts (Halliday 1976:20).Reference form is used more dominantly in writing than in conversation. Of course, it should be used to interpret semantically in their own right (Halliday and Hasan 1976:31). Halliday (1994:31) supposes that reference is used to give the specific nature of the information that is signaled for retrieval.A journalist used reference because it tries to avoid unnecessary repetition and to help the text bond together for example : in presenting names of people, the writer does not have to mention the words in the whole text but that word can be changed by personal reference. Here the writer tries to describe about the types and used of reference, which are found in the article of sports in the Jakarta Post.In using reference, the information to be retrieved is the referential meaning; the identity of the particular thing or class of things and the cohesion lies in the continuity of reference. The question is how the reference is analyzed. To solve this problem, it can be obtained by a study on reference in the newspaper.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Call Number: 401.401 4 Gin p
Keywords: Journalism; Newspaper; Endophoric; Exophoric; Anaphoric; Cataphoric; Article
Subjects: A General Works > AN Newspapers
P Language and Literature > P Philology. Linguistics > P101 Language. Linguistic theory. Comparative grammar
Divisions: Fakultas Bahasa dan Seni > Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Inggris
Depositing User: Mrs Harly Christy Siagian
Date Deposited: 02 May 2016 01:25

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