SPEECH ACTS IN POLICE INVESTIGATIVE INTERVIEWS

Barus, Ricky Drimarcha (2017) SPEECH ACTS IN POLICE INVESTIGATIVE INTERVIEWS. Masters thesis, UNIMED.

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1. NIM. 8126111031 COVER.pdf - Published Version

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2. NIM. 8126111031 APPROVAL SHEET.pdf - Published Version

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3. NIM. 8126111031 ABSTRACT.pdf - Published Version

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4. NIM. 8126111031 PREFACE.pdf - Published Version

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5. NIM. 8126111031 TABLE OF CONTENT.pdf - Published Version

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6. NIM. 8126111031 TABLES.pdf - Published Version

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7. NIM. 8126111031 ILLUSTRATION.pdf - Published Version

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8. NIM. 8126111031 APPENDICES.pdf - Published Version

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9. NIM. 8126111031 CHAPTER I.pdf - Published Version

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14. NIM. 8126111031BIBLIOGRAPHY.pdf - Published Version

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Abstract

This study aimed at exploring the speech acts in police investigative interviews. The objectives of the study were to discover, to explain how types of speech acts used by the interviewers and interviewees in the police investigative interviews on Michael Brown’s case and to elaborate the reasons. This research applied descriptive qualitative method. The data were the utterances gathered from the interviewers and the interviewees in two different investigative interviews. They were then analyzed by using Searle’s Speech Acts theory. The findings revealed that the five types of speech acts, namely representative, directive, commissive, expressive and declarative were found in the first investigative interview. However, declarative was not found in the second investigative interview. The most dominant type from the two investigative interviews was representative speech act. The most dominant speech act performed by the detectives and special agents as the interviewers was directive speech act. The most dominant speech act performed by the suspect and the witness as the interviewee was representative speech act. The interviewers and interviewees performed them in two ways, direct - literal way and indirect - literal way, in which the direct - literal way was the most dominant one. The main reason why the interviewers performed directive speech act in the form of questioning, clarifying questioning and confirming questioning was to find facts and information. On the other hand, the interviewees performed the representative speech act in order to inform, explain, describe, affirm or deny. The direct - literal way was dominantly performed because all the participants want to avoid misunderstanding through ambiguous words or sentences since the investigative interviews are serious things. It is looming that the new findings in this study are: first, the expressive speech act plays an important role in giving acceptance and positive attitude toward the interviewees, second, since the investigative interviews are serious things, the participants tend to avoid misunderstanding by using direct - literal way, and last, interviewers tend to perform representative speech act in the beginning of interviews to inform the third person about the setting or participants of the interviews.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Contributors:
ContributionNameNIP
Thesis advisorSaragih, Amrin195501131982031002
Thesis advisorZein, T. Thyrhaya196301091988032001
Call Number: 415 Bar s
Keywords: interview; investigative interviews; speech acts
Subjects: P Language and Literature > P Philology. Linguistics
P Language and Literature > P Philology. Linguistics > P101 Language. Linguistic theory. Comparative grammar
P Language and Literature > P Philology. Linguistics > P201 Comparative grammar
P Language and Literature > P Philology. Linguistics > P95 Oral communication. Speech
Divisions: Program Pasca Sarjana > Linguistik Terapan Bahasa Inggris
Depositing User: Mrs Siti Nurbaidah
Date Deposited: 01 Nov 2017 09:49
URI: http://digilib.unimed.ac.id/id/eprint/26948

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